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Sundarban delta is famous for holding the greatest Mangrove association of the world. The largest contagious chunk of mangrove of the planet is represented by India and Bangladesh Sundarbans (about 10,000 Sqm area). It is also satisfying to note that Indian Sundarban rear 94 numbers of intertidal species belonging to mangal vegetation. Out of these 94 species 55 species can be observed in the Jharkhali Mangrove Ecological Garden (JMEG), Sundarban, created and maintained by Calcutta Wildlife Society an NGO based in Kolkata, India. Efforts are on to achieve presence of all 94 species available in Indian Sundarban. 35 numbers of intertidal mangrove species present within JMEG belongs to endangered list of IUCN. Rare mangrove plant Scyphiphora hydrophyllacea is also present in the JMEG.

The Eco Garden produces seeds and propagules which are reared in a Nursery and are supplied to the villagers of the surrounding area. One such Mangrove Plant which produce edible fruits ‘Sonneratia caseolaris’ is now being grown by the villagers within their homestead land by the side of running waters of tube-wells. Testy pickles can be made out of this fruits and this has been achieved through efforts of our society.

Various propagation techniques are also experimented on to endangered mangrove species and the villagers are also taught about the same, Amongst such species Brownlowia lanceolata & Acanthus volubilis are two very important endangered members which are becoming very rare in most of the Indian mangrove patches.

The Garden was visited by the a team of botanists of Chinese Academy of Sciences who thoroughly appreciated the veritable mangrove species present in this Eco Garden and intended to place it as an unique feature on the planet. Botanic Garden Conservation International (BGCI), UK in their Newsletter made a full page publication on JMEG.

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